The Fourth Industrial Revolution – also known as Industry 4.0 or 4IR – is the first Industrial Revolution that South Africa is experiencing as a free and democratic country.
It does not however mean that other economical revolutions did not happen in South Africa and the rest of Africa in the past. I will get to this later.
- Because the demarcation of the summed up area that now is South Africa was colonised in stages, starting with the Cape by the Dutch and later took over by the British, I will call it ‘Project Colonise South Africa.’
- Industrial Revolutions’ dates are estimates – i.e. of when one industrial revolution starts and the other ends, and they serve to capture an era of when significant revolutionary innovations happened in the world. And although different researchers have different dates, they do not vary significantly.